The Hottentots Holland Nature Reserve lies in the Hottentots Holland mountains, about 90km south east of Cape Town.
Stretching from Elgin to beyond Villiersdorp in the north to the Stellenbosch Mountains in the west and then eastwards into the Groenland Mountains, entrance to this 42 000ha reserve is at Nuweberg, high in Viljoen's Pass between Grabouw and Villiersdorp.
The rugged terrain is very mountainous. The annual rainfall may be as high as 3300mm on the Dwarsberg plateau and the winds are frequent and strong. Summers are generally mild and dry. Weather conditions in the mountains can be unpredictable and dangerous.
The reserve is plays an important role in the conservation of mountain fynbos with approximately 1300 species occurring here.
Small populations of grey rhebuck, klipspringer, common duiker and grysbok occur.
Leopard also frequent these mountains but are seldom seen.
Approximately 110 bird species have been recorded on the reserve, amongst them several species of raptor.
The Kogelberg Nature Reserve is often considered the heart of the Cape Floral Kingdom, because of the exceptional quality of its fynbos. The reserve lies within the southern stretch of the rugged Hottentots Holland mountain range, and has remained isolated and remarkably unspoilt. Its high mountain peaks, steep kloofs, valleys and several tributaries of the pristine Palmiet River create a sense of remote wilderness.
Kogelberg is situated some 90 km south-east of Cape Town, and comprises a core area of 18 000 ha and several smaller fragments. The reserve is sign-posted from the coastal road (R44), and a gravel road leads for 3 km through private property to the entrance. The coastal town of Kleinmond is about 8 km south-east of the reserve.